Parenting and Their Implications for Child Education
Parenting and their implications for child education. Being a developed country is certainly an ambition that every country in the world wants to achieve. It is an open secret that the progress of a country is influenced by educational factors.
So important is education, so that a developed country or not, is generally seen from education. If the results of this educational process fail, it is difficult to imagine how a country can achieve progress. For a country that wants to develop, education must be seen as a necessity as well as other needs.
Although education is very important, for some reason some so many people do not get the education they deserve.
The presence of children who drop out of school or even out of school is considered to be closely related to parents’ understanding of education, including the pattern of education applied.
The objectives of this parenting are;
- Describe the parents’ understanding of their children’s education.
- Know the patterns applied by parents in children’s education.
- Reveal the factors that influence the pattern of children’s education in society
The results of this study can be used as a reference/guide for parents for interest in the field of education in the context of human development that is knowledgeable, able to develop and master technology, and very competitive, based on faith and devotion to God.
Or be a policy direction and implementation plan in education. Based on grammar, parenting consists of word patterns and care. According to the General Dictionary, the word pattern means model, system, way of working, form (fixed structure), while the word babysitter means caring for, caring for, educating the children so that they can stand on their own.
According to experts, parenting is a pattern of behavior applied to children that are quite consistent over time. This pattern of behavior is felt by children, both negatively and positively. The parenting style that is instilled in each family is different, this depends on the views of each parent.
Parenting is a way for parents to act as parents to their children where they make a series of active endeavors. Meanwhile, according to the resolution of the UN General Assembly (Pamilu, 2007), the main function of the family is as a vehicle to educate, nurture and socialize children, develop the ability of all members so that they can perform their functions in society properly, and provide satisfaction and a healthy environment to achieve the goal.
Parenting is fundamental in shaping a character. An exemplary attitude from parents is essential for the development of children as children model and imitate their environment. Openness between parents and children is important to prevent children from the negative influences that exist outside the family environment.
Parents need to help children in self-discipline (Sochib, 2000). Also, filling children’s free time with positive activities to create themselves is important.
Instead, parents should be consistent and consistent in upholding the rules. If the father and mother are not united and consistent, the child will be confused and difficult to discipline.
Several factors can influence parenting style, namely parental characteristics in the form of:
1. Parental personality Everyone has different levels of energy, patience, intelligence, attitude, and maturity. These characteristics will affect the ability of parents to meet the demands of the role of parents and how sensitive parents are to the needs of their children.
The beliefs that parents have about parenting will affect the values of parenting and will influence their behavior in caring for children.
3. Similarities with parenting style accepted by parents If parents feel that their parents have previously successfully applied parenting to their children well, they will use similar parenting techniques if they feel that the parenting style used by parents they do not fit, so parents will turn to other parenting techniques:
- Adaptation with the consent of the group Parents with new or younger children and less experienced are more influenced by what group members (large families, communities) consider as the best method in educating children.
- Age of parents Young parents tend to be more democratic and impatient when compared to older parents.
- Parental education Parents who have received higher education and have attended courses in the field of parenting using authoritative parenting techniques compared to parents who have not received parenting education and training.
- The gender of the mother generally understands the child better and they tend to be less authoritarian than the father.
- Socioeconomic status Parents from the middle and lower classes tend to be more violent, coercive, and less tolerant than parents from the upper class.
- The concept of the role of adult parents. Parents who maintain traditional concepts tend to be more authoritarian than parents who adopt modern concepts.
- Gender of children Parents are generally ruder to girls than boys.
- Age of the child The age of the child can affect the duties and expectations of the parents towards the parents.
- Temperature Parenting applied by parents will greatly affect the child’s behavior. Children who are attractive and adaptable will be different in caring for picky and rigid children.
- Children’s abilities Parents will differentiate the behavior that will be given to children who are endowed with children who have problems in their development.
- Situation Children who experience fear and anxiety are usually not punished by their parents. On the other hand, if the child resists and is aggressive, there is a possibility that the parent will become a parent with an illegal pattern.
Parenting patterns are patterns of behavior that are applied to children and are quite consistent over time. This pattern of behavior can be felt by children, both negatively and positively. Talking about how parents educate their children, of course, can not be separated from the understanding and views of parents in educating them.
The way they educate greatly determines the personality traits of their children. The results of this study show that several factors influence the educational pattern of children, namely:
1. Socioeconomic status has a profound influence on the educational patterns applied by parents.
2. Level of Parental Education Another factor that influences the educational pattern of children is the level of parental education. The educational background of parents can influence the thinking of parents in educating their children.
3. The economic situation of the parents is low.
4. Number of Children
Parents’ attention to one or two children is certainly very different when compared to families with many children. Similarly, his attention in terms of education, especially if the family has a mediocre economy.
As the number of children in the family increases, there is a tendency that parents do not apply parenting patterns to the maximum for their children because attention and time are divided between one child and another.
5. A person’s age also affects the educational pattern of their children. Of all the informants interviewed, those under the age of 50 paid more attention to the education of their children than the informants over the age of 50.