What Is Attachment Parenting Principles
Attachment parenting principles. Parental attachment can be defined as a parenting method that prioritizes emotional and physical closeness. This method was introduced by William Sears, a pediatrician with eight children and a wife who is also a nurse. Her background as a pediatrician has raised many questions for her on how best to care for a baby.
However, in reality, he felt that he was not an expert in caring for the baby until finally, he could find out through direct observation to the real specialist, which is a couple who are considered easy to be parents.
Sears found that in reality, parents should use their instincts. Parents don’t just rely on books or information from out there.
However, being a parent is day by day learning from everyday experiences. There are no specific parenting standards because every parent is different, developing each other the best way to raise a child.
Parental sensitivity is needed in nurturing what Sears calls “baby reading”. The goal is for parents to understand each child, help the child feel comfortable, and enjoy parenting.
Supporters of this method and philosophy, including one of them, is Dr. William Sears, MD, a well-known pediatrician who also popularized this method, through his book “The Baby’s Book”. Doctors conclude that the bond of trust and safety between children and parents will form a strong foundation for children’s relationships and independence as they grow up.
At the heart of parenting, relationships are John Bowlby’s approach to attachment theory. Appendix theory was the cornerstone of maternal deficiency research and animal behavior research in the early 1950s. Attachment theory says that babies instinctively need a close or secure “attachment figure”. This closeness is important for the baby to feel emotionally secure.
Preliminary animal studies have found that baby primates prefer warm “mother” dolls, compared to other dolls that have food but are less warm.
Parental care is based on the premise that babies learn to trust and thrive when their needs are consistently provided by the caregiver at an early age. Children who have never experienced this attachment at an early age, according to supporting data, are less likely to develop healthy bonding later. They become less secure, less empathetic, and in some extreme cases, bond and behavioral disorders.
Parental attachment is a huge commitment and is something that mothers alone cannot do. Babies need as much love as they can from Dad, along with the comfort and convenience that only a father can give.
A father can also help take care of his children by loving and supporting his wife. Because parental relationships will not work well without help from the father. Father support can take many forms, such as creating an environment that supports the mother to focus her energy and attention on the child.
For example, breastfeeding can only be done by the mother, but the father’s help in the form of caring for the mother during the breastfeeding period so that he can give more breast milk is an indirect form of the father also gives breast milk to the child.
There are 8 principles of parental relationships, namely:
- Be prepared for pregnancy, birth, and care. Proponents of this theory believe that getting rid of negative thoughts and feelings about pregnancy is extremely important. Doing so can help parents prepare for all the emotional demands of parents.
- Give constant love. Proponents of this method also indicate the constant presence of parents. This includes taking the kids for a walk, going out with the parents, and working. They claim to be by the side of children for 20 hours every week for babies less than 30 months old.
- Teach positive discipline. Parents are advised to move, direct, and guide even the newborn, and be an example of positive behavior. Attachment parenting aims to understand children’s communication with negative behaviors. And parents are encouraged to find a way out by talking to their children, rather than hitting or silencing their child’s requests.
- Night care. Attachment care specialists recommend arranging bedtime together. By sleeping together in the same room as the baby, parents can feed and soothe the baby directly at night. However, be careful because sleeping with a baby will carry the risk of sudden death syndrome in the baby.
- Respond gently. This method of parental communication makes parents consider all of their children’s emotional expressions, including repetitive fury, as an attempt to communicate. These efforts should be taken seriously and wisely rather than punishing them or telling them to remain silent.
- Soft touch. Proponents of this method recommend maximizing skin contact, including bathing and dressing together, and hugging the baby face to face.
- Instill the principle of balance in life. Parents are also encouraged to create a supportive network and a healthy lifestyle. However, if viewed more carefully and wisely, parental love is not a standard rule, and every parent does it with little difference in practice to adapt to the needs and values embedded in parents.
- Feed with love. Breastfeeding is said to be the best way to create a bond between mother and baby. It can also teach babies that parents are always paying attention to their signs and meeting their needs. Because crying is a way for babies to communicate their needs to their parents.
Parenting and caring for children is an art, not an exact science. Also, consider your policy to determine what works best for you and your family.