Parents Should Know These 4 Parenting Styles
4 Parenting style. There is no easy way to raise children and there is no right way to be a parent. However, in any case, parenting will affect the character of the child in the future.
Parents want their children to grow well and achieve success. However, this also depends on the parenting style applied by parents in raising children.
Parenting style is a way of caring for children that parents do in their daily lives. Parenting style is very important in the family because it can affect the personality of the child.
What role should parents play in the child’s physical and psychological development? A psychologist suggests that parents should provide appropriate assistance.
When serving as a parent, as a playmate, or as a friend. Parents should also be very good at monitoring. When it is necessary to look carefully, from a distance, including when to trust children.
Attention and love are the foundation of children. In addition to being a place of refuge, the home environment should also serve as a place to get the necessities of life, socialize, and a place to feel safe, self-realizing, and as a vehicle to raise children to adulthood in their psychological development.
Therefore, emotional closeness is very important in parent-child relationships. Children will feel needed and valued in the family. Also, children will think that their family is an important part of themselves.
According to Steinberg, parenting has two components, namely parenting style and parenting practice. Effective parenting styles can support children’s personality development. Santrock in his book Educational Psychology (2011) discusses four types of parenting styles, namely authoritative, authoritarian, negligent, and pampering.
Several child psychologists have long studied how parenting affects children’s development. Researchers argue that there is a link between parenting patterns and children’s behavior later on.
One of the most widely used theories was discovered by psychologist Diana Baumrind. In the early 1960s, Baumrind researched more than 100 children.
From this research, Baumrind found three types of parenting. Baumrind recommends that parents use one of these three different parenting styles.
Further research was conducted by Eleanor Maccoby and John. Both of these psychologies add to one of the three parenting styles Baumrind first discovered.
Citing Very Well Mind, here are four key parenting styles.
4 Parenting Styles You Must Know
Parents who use authoritative patterns behave friendly but firm. They encourage their children to be independent and have freedom while still giving limits and control to their children.
They have standards but also provide expectations tailored to the development of the child. They show love, patiently listen to their children, support children’s involvement in family decision-making, and cultivate the habit of respecting the rights of parents and children.
This can provide an opportunity for both parties (parents and children) to understand each other and produce results that are acceptable to both parties.
The quality of parenting is believed to trigger courage, motivation, and freedom. This parenting style can also encourage the growth of social skills, increase self-confidence, and social responsibility.
They also grow well, are happy, enthusiastic, and can control themselves so that they have social and moral maturity, social agility, adaptive, creative, diligent learning in school, and achieve high learning achievement.
Parents who use authoritative patterns can enhance their children’s positive feelings, have the ability to be responsible, and be independent.
In authoritarian parenting, parents demand high obedience and appropriateness from their children. They use more punishment, restrictions, dictatorship, and rigidity.
They have their own set of rules, rules, and demands that their children must follow. When compared to other parenting styles, parents with authoritarian patterns tend to be less friendly, unfriendly, less accepting, and less supportive of their children’s wishes, and even prefer to forbid their children to gain autonomy or engage in decision-making.
Parenting with this pattern has the potential to lead to rebellion during adolescence, children’s dependence on parents, anxiety in social comparisons, failure in creative activities, and ineffectiveness in social interactions. They also tend to lose the ability to explore, isolate themselves, become frustrated, do not dare to face challenges, lack confidence and are unhappy.
This pattern of parenting is also called indifferent parenting. In this parenting style, parents show little commitment to parenting which means they have little time and attention for their children.
As a result, they meet the demands of the children by giving them whatever they want as long as they can get it. While this is not good for children in the long run, for example, it relates to the role of household chores and socially acceptable social behavior.
Parents with this pattern tend not to know much about their child’s activities. They rarely talk and find it difficult to keep their children’s opinions in making decisions.
Parents who have a negligent parenting pattern can abuse, neglect, and neglect the needs and difficulties of their children. Lack of warmth and parental supervision makes them emotionally separated from their children so that children become deficient in all aspects, both in terms of cognition and emotional and social abilities.
If it continues to happen, it will make children with low abilities to deal with frustration and control emotions. He is often immature, less responsible, more easily incited by peers, and less able to weigh positions.
In parenting, parents tend to be receptive, gentle, and more passive in the discipline. They seduce love, do not demand, and give children high freedom to act according to their wishes.
Sometimes his parents let him make a decision even though they have not been able to do it yet. Parents like this tend to harm their children, they allow their children to harass others, protect their children excessively, allow their children to make mistakes, keep their children away from coercion, coercion, punishment, and refuse to correct deviations in children’s behavior.
Usually, children who accept this parenting style are very immature in various psychosocial aspects. They are impulsive, disobedient, reluctant to ask for something contrary to immediate desire, and lack tolerance in socializing.
In the heyday, children will be very sensitive to various stimuli and influences from outside. He will take samples and information from anywhere. Therefore, good parenting is very important in shaping your child’s personality.